Structure




Form:
Ballad, Concrete, Elegy, Epic, Free Verse, Haiku, Lyric, Ode, Sonnet, Villanelle, Slam
Stanza pattern:
Couplets, Triplets, Quatrains, etc.
Rhyme Schemes:
ABAB; ABA, ABA; AA; etc.
Rhythm:
The "flow" of the poem. Does the poem have a regular "beat?"
Iambic:
unstressed; stressed
Trochaic:
stressed; unstressed
Anapestic:
stressed; unstressed; unstressed
pattern of stresses
pattern of stresses
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Line length:

monometer
dimeter
trimeter
tetrameter
quatrameter
pentameter
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Enjambment:
When the idea or grammar does not stop naturally at the end of the line but flows into the next line without a pause.
Catalectic:
To stop short.
Caesura:
A special kind of pause, usually in the middle of a line.I don't care too much for money,
Money can't buy me love.

[[http://www.owled.com/too_much.mp3|SOUND CLIP]]



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Figures of speech




Connotation:
An idea associated with a word or phrase.
Denotation:
The explicit meaning of a word
Hyperbole:
Exaggeration used for effect. "tons of money", "a million thanks,"
Imagery:
What do you see in the poem?Whirl up sea --
whirl your pointed pines
(the image of a forest of pine trees
swaying back and forth like the
cresting waves of a stormy sea.)

Irony:
One thing is said, but the opposite meaning is intended.
Metaphor:
A comparison without "like" or "as".Where were the greenhouses going,
Lunging into the lashing
Wind driving water
So far down the river
All the faucets stopped?

Metonymy:
A person or thing is not named directly, but by some associated thing.
The prisoner addressed the bench.

Motifs:
Ideas, or elements that recur throughout the poem.
Oxymoron:
Words with opposite meanings.
tight slacks
Old New York
bitter-sweet
sweet sorrow
good grief
sanitary landfill
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Paradox:
A statement, which at first, seems contradictory or absurd.
Personification:
Human qualities are attributed to an animal, object, or idea.I am silver and exact.
I have no preconceptions.
Whatever I see I swallow immediately
Just as it is, unmisted by love or dislike.
I am not cruel, only truthful--

Pun:
Words with a double meaning.A bear walks into a bar and says:
"How about a gin and ......................
.......................................... tonic?
The bartender asks:
"What's with the big pause?"
The bear replies:
"Just born with them, I guess."

Repetition:
A word or phrase is used more than once for emphasis.See the flags; snow-white tent,
See the bear and elephant,
See the monkey jump the rope,
Listen to the Kallyope, Kallyope, Kallyope!

Simile:
A comparison using "like" or "as".her lower lip
was like an orange
mint. and
i was a crying
little boy
in the candy store.

Synechdoche:
A part represents the whole. A fleet of a hundred sail.
Symbolism:
Something that stands for something else. (Myths & Legends)
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